Law is a set of rules enforceable by social institutions. It covers issues such as business contracts, crime, and family relationships. Depending on the jurisdiction, it may be a civil or criminal legal system. In some countries, it is also considered a science.
Legal rules are usually interpreted by courts. The outcome of a case depends on the interpretation of the law by the court.
Law has been described as the art of justice. Moreover, it shapes the economy, society, and history.
A legal issue is a problem that requires the aid of a lawyer. Common legal issues include housing, consumer rights, debt, and immigration. These issues can arise when an unexpected illness or problem occurs, or from a planned event.
There are four universal principles that constitute the rule of law. These principles were developed in consultation with a wide range of experts worldwide. They are:
Constitutions are a major influence on the creation of rights and laws. Law also serves as a mediator of relations between people.
One of the most important United Nations dispute-resolving organs is the International Court of Justice. Founded in 1946, the Court has issued over 170 judgments and advisory opinions.
Legal systems in common law jurisdictions explicitly recognize decisions made by the court as “law.” This doctrine of precedent means that those decisions are binding on the lower courts.
In contrast, civil law legal systems are less detailed and require less judicial decision. Typically, these systems are shorter and have fewer statutory statutes.