Law is the set of rules that govern the relationships between people and social institutions. It has been described as both a science and an art. State-enforced laws are made by legislators in a group or individually, the executive through decrees, and judges in common-law jurisdictions. Private individuals may also create legally binding agreements, such as contracts or arbitration agreements.
Law applies to all areas of life. Some areas of law include labour law, which regulates the tripartite relationship between employees and employers and the rights and responsibilities of each party. Other areas of law include individual employment law, which relates to rights and duties in the workplace. Other fields of law include criminal and civil procedures, which govern how courts make decisions, as well as evidence law.
Law is generally applicable to all people, and is necessary for a well-ordered society. It can resolve disputes peacefully, and courts can decide who is the real owner of property and how to protect its rights. Laws help to maintain a safe society, and the Canadian legal system respects the rights of individuals. It also ensures that the same laws are applied to everyone.
Historically, many people have debated the nature of law, and the role it plays in society. It is important to understand that the role of the legal profession has changed over time. Many of the issues raised today are not necessarily related to the legal system itself, but to the concept of law.